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Patients receive inadequate medical monitoring for prescribed drugs in psychiatric settings

September 08, 2019

Bradt added that it is not yet known the type of music intervention that is most effective. She believes, however, that therapies involving music are likely to be most successful when they are tailored for people according to their musical tastes and their ability to participate in music-making. In the studies that used pre-recorded music, for instance, most people were given a choice between several different genres (new age, classical, rock, country). What works for one person, Bradt says, may depend on his or her taste and background. ???It's not like when you go to a doctor with a headache, and he prescribes a specific type of medicine that will help me with my headache and also help you with your headache,??? she explained.

Robert Zatorre, a cognitive neuroscientist at McGill University, in Montreal, who studies the effect of music on the brain who was not involved in the new review, said that musical qualities like tempo and volume will also likely impact a patient's mood and stress levels. He added, ???It's been known for a very long time that music can influence mood??¦That's why lullabies exist -- to calm down babies who won't sleep.???

Further studies will be needed to weigh the costs and benefits of implementing music therapy, both in cancer patients and in other populations, Bradt said. And because the outcomes measured in these studies are so subjective, additional research will be needed to confirm that factors besides the music aren't influencing the results.

Nevertheless, the review is very promising, Zatorre said. ???The cost involved with music is very small compared to other kinds of interventions??¦How well it works -- say, compared to drugs -- is another question, but the side effects are very minimal as well. The worst thing that can happen [when] someone doesn't like music is that they can turn it off.???