Corns and Calluses (Scalp and Nails, Skin)
Signs and Symptoms of Corns and Calluses (Scalp and Nails, Skin)
Patches of rough, thick, dead skin on the soles of the feet, the palms of the hands, or any other area subject to friction.
Areas of thick, hard, dead skin on the tops or sides of toe joints or between the toes.
What to do now
1. Use a pumice stone or callus file to gently rub dead skin off a callus or hard corn.
2. Soak a cracked callus in warm (not hot), soapy water. Rub it lightly with a pumice stone, and apply a moisturizing lotion or a hydrocortisone cream.
3. Place a corn pad on the toe to help ease the pressure on a corn.
When to call a doctor
1. If you have constant pain, redness, swelling, or discharge in the affected area. This could mean you have an infection.
2. If you get corns or calluses and you have diabetic or have circulatory problems. You are at risk of getting a secondary infection, and you should see a doctor before trying home care.
3. If self-care doesn’t work, and you think the way you walk is causing the problem. See a foot-specialist.
How to prevent it
1. Keep your feet dry, and make sure they don’t rub against your shoes. Wearing socks or nylons and using talcum powder will help. (If wool or synthetic fibers make your feet sweat, wear cotton socks)
2. Rub away areas of skin buildup on the feet before they turn into corns or calluses. After bathing, rub the area gently with a pumice stone or callus-available in drugstores.
3. Have your feet measured properly, and wear only shoes that fit well. Allow up to half an inch between your longest toe and the front on the shoe. Make sure toes can wiggle freely, and avoid pointed hoes and high heels.
4. Keep your shoes in good condition by taking them for regular repairs. Worn soles give little protection from the shock of walking on hand hard surfaces, and old linings can chafe the skin. Worn heels increase un even pressure on the heel bone.